What is eWood and TonerPave?

eWood Raised Garden Beds made from 95% recycled materials

eWood Raised Garden Beds made from 95% recycled materials

Layne Beachley explaining how toner cartridges are recycled into TonerPave road surfaces © Planet Ark

Layne Beachley explaining how toner cartridges are recycled into TonerPave road surfaces

eWood®, a timber replacement product, and TonerPave®, a low-carbon road surface, are two of the products manufactured using recycled printer cartridges.


eWood® was first created by Close the Loop®, the resource recovery partner for the C4PA program, and began its journey by winning an episode of ABC TV's New Inventors program. It is a functional and sustainable material which can be used to replace timber, concrete, steel, brick, fibre glass and other virgin plastics in many applications, such as raised garden beds, sleepers and planks. 

It is made in Moama, New South Wales by Newtecpoly using recycled materials sourced from such items as toner cartridges, printers, computers, televisions and other electronic equipment.

Environmentally Friendly

eWood is made from 95% recycled materials, is 100% recyclable and 100% Australian. 

Further Information

More information about eWood can be found at


TonerPaveTM is the next generation in sustainable asphalt being made from the toner cartridges recycled through the 'Cartridges 4 Planet Ark' program. It was created by Close the Loop® and Downer EDI, a leading provider of engineering and infrastructure management services.

Toner powder is separated in the recycling process, then further refined to make an additive called Modified Toner Polymer (MTP), which helps improve the performance of the asphalt, potentially leading to lower whole-of-life costs. Recycled toner from printer cartridges is well suited to asphalt because toner powder predominantly consists of small particles of very high-grade engineering plastics.

Environmentally Friendly

Carbon modelling by ERM and Energetix shows that for every 1 tonne of MTP used, 0.27t CO2 greenhouse gases are saved from entering the atmosphere.

Councils Laying TonerPave

The following council areas have already laid TonerPave roads and the list is growing!

  • ACT
  • Banyule
  • Boroondara
  • Brisbane City
  • City of Sydney
  • Greater Dandenong
  • Hume City
  • Kingston
  • Manningham
  • Moreton Bay Regional
  • Mornington Peninsula
  • Nillumbik
  • Noosa Shire
  • Salisbury
  • Stonnington
  • Wodonga
  • Yarra Ranges

Approximately 1000kms of Australian roads have already been surfaced with TonerPave and the new spray seal binder for roads made from 20% recycled waste toner and used tyre rubber called TonersealTM.

Further Information

More information about TonerPave can be found at

More information about Tonerseal can be found at

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